How Damage Affects Different Parts of the Brain

Brain injury is among the most severe of physical ailments. This organ controls your body both physically and mentally. Your brain processes all the information your body receives through the five senses. Brain damage affects how you can function throughout your day to day life.

Symptoms don’t always show themselves apparently. Furthermore, symptoms vary depending on the location of the damage. Different parts of the brain perform specific functions for the body. Three sections compose the brain: the brainstem, cerebellum, and cerebrum. Additionally, four lobes make up the cerebrum. Their names are the frontal lobe, parietal lobe, temporal lobe, and occipital lobe.  For this piece, we focus on these four subsections of the brain.

 

Brain Injury Claims: Frontal Lobe

Your frontal lobe controls the parts of the brain having to do with your personality and emotions. Furthermore, it controls your speech and motor skills. The motor strip is a special section in your frontal specifically controls body movement. Your frontal lobe is the center of many higher brain functions including judgment, problem-solving, intelligence, self-awareness, and concentration.

An injury to the frontal lobe shows itself in many ways. People with damage to the frontal lobe experience personality changes like loss of emotional control and inhibition. The inability to perform an organized sequence of steps may be a sign– this includes mundane tasks like brushing your teeth or making a pot of coffee. Sufferers are unmotivated, unnecessarily aggressive, or easily provoked. If you experience unexpected behavioral changes, check with your doctor for damage to your frontal lobe.

 

Brain Injury Claims: Parietal Lobe

The parietal lobe is very sensual; as in, most of your sense stem from the parietal lobe. This area of the brain interprets language and stores your vocabulary. The sensory strip inside the parietal lobe feels touch, pain, and temperature. Additionally, this lobe deciphers the signals received from vision, motor, memory, sensory, and hearing. Also, it controls your spatial and visual perception.

Specific signs of injury to the parietal lobe include an inability to identify an object based on touch, increased clumsiness, and right-left confusion. Additionally, damage to the parietal lobe causes both difficulties with writing and mathematics. Finally, someone with an injury of this particular part of the brain cannot interpret maps or give directions to a location.

 

Brain Injury Claims: Temporal Lobe

The temporal lobe stores memories. It also controls sequencing and organization abilities. The Wernicke’s area, located in the temporal lobe, understands language. Finally, the temporal lobe controls your hearing.

In Fundamentals of human neuropsychology (1990), authors Bryan Kolb and Ian Q. Whishaw identify eight principle symptoms of damage to the temporal lobe

  • Change of auditory sensation and perception,
  • inability to pay attention to particular auditory and visual input,
  • impairment of visual perception,
  • disruption of organization skills and categorization of words,
  • impairment of language comprehension,
  • damaged long-term memory,
  • change in personality and behavior,
  • promiscuity or altered sexual behavior.

 

Brain Injury Claims: Occipital Lobe

Located in the back of the brain, the occipital lobe directly relates to vision. It interprets color, light, and movement. Damage to the occipital lobe results in problems with vision.

People with damage to the occipital lobe may experience a change in visual capacity; for instance, blindness in varying degrees. Additionally, they cannot identify colors. Extreme cases result in hallucinations or vision loss.

 

Do you need a brain damage attorney?

If you experience any of these symptoms, visit a doctor or emergency immediately. Furthermore, if you are diagnosed with a brain injury as a result of an accident, contact a brain damage attorney to file your brain injury claims. Get the information and assistance you seek by contacting Silver & Silver Attorneys at Law at 561-279-3911.